Urine sample should always be collected in the sterileclean container. Before collecting the sample, the patient has to clean the surrounding area (genitals). While passing the urine patient should discard the first part of the urine and collect the ensuing part. This sample is also called as Mid-stream urine sample. The container should be labeled properly and the cap tightly screwed to avoid leakage of the sample.
Empty your bladder when you first get up in the morning. DISCARD this Urine. Record the time on the container.
From that time, save all urine up to and including the first morning specimen at the end of the 24 hours ( or other designated time period). During collection and until the specimen is brought to the laboratory, the urine container should be refrigerated or kept on ice(in a bucket).
Record on the urine container, the time the last part of the specimen was collected.
Be careful not to deposit toilet tissue in the specimen or allow it to become contaminated with fecal material.
If the container has a preservative, (orange sticker or written), handle the container with caution. Specific instructions are available on the yellow label, and/or by calling the laboratory.
Bring the container with the urine to the laboratory as soon as possible. As a part of some tests, a blood sample must also be collected. Check with the laboratory to verify that a sample is not needed.
The mouth should be free of any foreign matter. If available, the mouth may be rinsed with filtered or sterile water prior to collection.
Sputum should be coughed from deep in the chest and coughed into the plastic collection bottle. To reduce the likelihood of transmission to others, patients are encouraged to collect their sputum specimens outdoors whenever possible.
Sputum specimens will be collected in the early morning if possible.
A hot drink or breathing deeply over a steam vessel (i.e. pan of boiling water) may help raise sputum.
A specimen of 1-2 teaspoons in volume is adequate. The container should not be more than ½ full. Following collection, the top will be placed securely on the plastic bottle.
For all practical and routine purposes, it is ideal to transfuse to the patient the same group of blood which he/she belongs to. It is only under very dire emergencies that we take O group as universal donor and AB groups as universal recipient. Under no circumstances O group can get any other blood except O. Similarly A group patient cannot be given B group blood and vice versa.
Complete Blood Count will tell us Hemoglobin, Red Blood Cell count, Red cell indices, Total White Blood Cell count, and Differential count of White blood cells, Platelet count and findings of Peripheral smear.
A PAP smear is a test in which doctor collects a small tissue sample from the cervix (External and Internal parts) and examines the same under the microscope to detect any cancerous cells or any infection.
The procedure is painless and similar to routine gynaecologic (per vaginal) examination. Sometimes, the patient might feel some discomfort. The doctor inserts an instrument called a speculum (it looks like a duck's bill) into the vagina to see the cervix. Then, using a tiny spatula or brush, the doc takes a sample of cells from the cervix. The cells are sent to a lab for examination.
As we all know that PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE. Regular health check up will help us to detect the disease in its early stage even before the onset of symptoms. This gives the patient a better chance for treatment and cure.
Dr. Phadke's Pathology Laboratory and Infertility centre was established by Dr. A.M. Phadke in 1963 at "Udyam", Ranade Road, Shivaji Park, Mumbai - 400028. Dr. Avinash A. Phadke & Dr.(Mrs) Vandana A. Phadke joined him in 1981. Dr.Ajay Phadke is the third generation of doctors in the family & has recently joined the labs. He has done his M.D in pathology from K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai.
Udyam, Ranade Road, Shivaji Park, Dadar (w), Mumbai- 28