Top 5 Diseases you can detect by a simple Urine Test

Doing a urine test is one of the most basic ways to assess your bodily health. The three most common types of urine tests are urine protein test, urine culture test, and urine examination. This blog talks about the top 5 diseases you can detect by doing a urine test and how it can help you diagnose the disease.

1. Urine Test To Detect Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Routine Urine tests can help identify a Urinary tract Infection
Urinary tract infections can be detected by routine urine tests

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in both men and women. Some people think that UTIs are just a problem for women, but that’s far from the truth. UTIs occur in about 8% of all men and the occurrence in women is approximately 40%.

Approximately 20% of all women will have at least one UTI in their lifetime. With all of this in mind, it is important to know when to get a urine test done. The first thing to do is to look for symptoms of UTI and make sure they are not something else.

The most common symptoms are burning with urination, particularly during sexual intercourse, painful urination, blood, or strong-smelling urine. It is usually caused by E. Coli bacteria.

2. Urine Test For Kidney Function

Microalbuminuria is a condition characterized by the presence of increased levels of albumin in the urine. It is a precursor condition to diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2). Tests for microalbuminuria need to be done more frequently in the first few years after the diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes. An important test in the prevention of End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is the Microalbumin: Creatinine ratio.

Microalbumin: Creatinine ratio test gives information about the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the presence of a pre-existing renal disease. A microalbumin: Creatinine ratio of 30-300 mg/g (30-300 mg/g creatinine) is considered as an early indicator of renal disease. If you have microalbuminuria, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have kidney disease, but you should definitely consult a physician to get tested for more serious conditions.

3. Test For Cancer Screening and Diagnosis

A urine test is one of the most common and inexpensive cancer screening methods. It can detect the presence of cancer in the body at an early stage. The urine test can help detect 3 types of cancer - bladder, ureter, and kidney. Blood in the urine is a strong indicator of some disease in the body either a Urinary Tract Infection, Kidney stone, or even in some cases cancer.

4. Test for cause of High Blood Pressure

Testing for catecholamines in urine can help identify cases where there is high blood pressure due to excess production of hormones or their metabolites like metanephrine and normetanephrine. This can be seen in conditions like Pheochromocytoma where a tumor in the adrenal gland leads to excessive production of adrenaline and/or noradrenaline and subsequent increase in blood pressure

5. Test for Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A routine urine test can reveal the presence of organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases like Trichomoniasis. For more information on Sexually transmitted diseases have a look at the CDC website

Yes, you can detect many diseases by a simple urine test. If you are meeting with the primary care physician, he or she will typically order a panel of tests called a Complete Blood Count (CBC) that includes the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and a urinalysis which may include a urine culture.

Some of the most common diseases that can be detected by urine tests include Diabetes, Kidney Failure, and certain types of cancer. If you want to learn more about different urine tests and why you should get them done, you can visit our website at We hope you enjoyed our post on the Top 5 Diseases you can detect by doing a urine test!

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