The causes of diabetes are mainly genetic. In Type 1 diabetes, the immune cells of the body start to attack the insulin-producing cells, leading to higher blood sugar. In type 2 diabetes, the body stops using insulin properly. Both of these can be managed by proper sleep, avoiding a high sugar diet and carbohydrates, and regular exercise. Some warning signs for diabetes include:
- Excessive thirst and hunger.
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss or gain.
- Irritable mood.
- Blurry vision.
- Slow-healing wounds
Here are some tips to regulate your blood sugar levels, if you are diabetic.
Diet for Diabetic patients:
A balanced diet is key to a healthy body. The same can be said for healthy blood sugar levels:
- Maintain a balanced diet. Consume fruits, vegetables, fish, whole grains and low-fat milk to maintain sugar levels.
- Try your best to moderate eating foods with a lot of fat and salt in them.
- Try and consume food with a lot of fiber. Muesli is a good source!
Our choices on a daily basis as to how we live can affect our bodies. Here are some tips to stay healthy, and lower risk for diabetes:
- Make sure that you exercise at least 30-60 mins a day around 4 times a week. Brisk walking is a good way to maintain weight and regulate blood pressure.
- Stress can raise sugar levels in the blood. Try and take a breather with some yoga, meditation or pilates once in awhile.
- Smoking and drinking can lead to an increased risk of high blood sugar. Try and cut down on this to improve your lifestyle.
- Never skip the medication prescribed to you.
- Get regular body checkups. Usually, diabetics show risk for nerve damage and loss of sensation in the feet. Always keep watch for odd blisters and cuts on the feet.
- Monitor your kidneys with regular tests. A microalbumin/creatinine ratio is advised a few times a year.
- Since high sugar can damage blood vessels in the eye, it is advised that diabetics get regular eye checkups to prevent issues from arising, or detect such problems early.